Anniversaries and commemorations come and go daily. Most of us, even the best historians, miss most occasions. If we think of history as events then we are faced with a continually showering in the grains of sand. Nevertheless, we do pick out certain patterns in the remembrance of historical dates. The blog here reminds us of some dates where the local, state, national, and global perspectives entwine.

On 18, Monday October 1869, The Lithgow Zig Zag Railway was opened.
On 18, Thursday October 1894, H. L. Davis, American fiction writer, born (d. 1960)
On 18, Saturday October 1919, Sir Adrian Knox is appointed Chief Justice of the High Court.
On 18, Saturday October 1919, Anita O’Day, American jazz singer, born (d. 2006)
On 18, Saturday October 1919, Orlando Drummond, Brazilian actor
On 18, Saturday October 1919, Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada, born (d. 2000)
On 18, Saturday October 1919, Viscount William Astor, American financier and statesman, died (b. 1848)
On 18, Wednesday October 1944, WWII: The Volkssturm Nazi militia is founded on Adolf Hitler’s orders.
On 18, Wednesday October 1944, Alexander, Prince of Erbach-Schönberg, died (b. 1872)
On 18, Wednesday October 1944, Josef Maria Eder, Austrian chemist, died (b. 1855)
On 18, Sunday October 1959, Mauricio Funes, 44th President of El Salvador, born
On 18, Sunday October 1959, Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete, died (b. 1898)
On 18, Sunday October 1959, Edward Hanson, 28th Governor of American Samoa, died (b. 1889)
On 18, Thursday October 1979, Ne-Yo, African-American singer and songwriter, born
On 18, Thursday October 1979, Joe Coomer, American football player, died (b. 1917)
On 18, Thursday October 1979, Virgilio Piñera, Cuban author, playwright and poet, died (b. 1912)
On 18, Wednesday October 1989, Leigh Howard, racing cyclist, born
On 18, Wednesday October 1989, The Communist leader of East Germany, Erich Honecker, is forced to step down as leader of the country after a series of health problems, and is succeeded by Egon Krenz.
On 18, Wednesday October 1989, The National Assembly of Hungary votes to restore multi-party democracy.
On 18, Wednesday October 1989, NASA launches the unmanned Galileo orbiter on a mission to study the planet Jupiter, via Atlantis mission STS-34.
On 18, Tuesday October 1994, Morgan Featherstone, fashion model, born
On 18, Tuesday October 1994, Timothy Conigrave, 34, author, playwright and activist, died
On 18, Tuesday October 1994, Conchita Montes, Spanish actress, died (b. 1914)
On 18, Monday October 1999, Paddi Edwards, English-born American actress, died (b. 1931)
On 18, Sunday October 2009, Australian Customs vessel the MV Oceanic Viking rescues 78 asylum seekers–claiming to be Tamil refugees from the conflict in Sri Lanka– inside Indonesia’s search and rescue zone. The migrants are taken to Bintan island in Indonesia however they refuse to disembark or co-operate with Indonesian customs officials.
On 18, Saturday October 2014, Rachel Makinson, 97, research scientist., died
On 18, Saturday October 2014, Bruce Phillips, 85, Australian rules footballer (St Kilda), died

Other On This Day days in history

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Neville Buch (Pronounced Book) Ph.D. is a certified member of the Professional Historians Association (Queensland). Since 2010 he has operated a sole trade business in history consultancy. He was a Q ANZAC 100 Fellow 2014-2015 at the State Library of Queensland. Dr Buch was the PHA (Qld) e-Bulletin, the monthly state association’s electronic publication, and was a member of its Management Committee. He is the Managing Director of the Brisbane Southside History Network.

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