Anniversaries and commemorations come and go daily. Most of us, even the best historians, miss most occasions. If we think of history as events then we are faced with a continually showering in the grains of sand. Nevertheless, we do pick out certain patterns in the remembrance of historical dates. The blog here reminds us of some dates where the local, state, national, and global perspectives entwine.
On 21, Thursday January 1869, The P.E.O. Sisterhood, a philanthropic educational organization for women, is founded at Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa.
On 21, Sunday January 1894, Geoffrey Street, Australian politician, born (d. 1940)
On 21, Tuesday January 1919, Dáil Éireann meets for the first time in the Mansion House, Dublin. It comprises Sinn Féin members elected in the 1918 general election who, in accordance with their manifesto, have not taken their seats in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, but chosen to declare an independent Irish Republic. In the first shots of the Anglo-Irish War, two Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) men are killed in an ambush at Soloheadbeg in Tipperary.
On 21, Tuesday January 1919, Emperor Gojong of the Korean Empire dies.
On 21, Tuesday January 1919, Gojong, first Emperor of Korea, died (b. 1852)
On 21, Friday January 1944, Yoshimi Nishida, Japanese general, died (b. 1892)
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, The European Court of Human Rights is established.
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, José Uribe, Dominican Major League Baseball player, born (d. 2006)
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, Alex McLeish, Nottingham Forest player, born
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, Paulo Miklos, Brazilian singer and actor, born
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, Cecil B. DeMille, American film director, died (b. 1881)
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, Frances Gertrude McGill, pioneering Canadian forensic pathologist, died (b. 1882)
On 21, Wednesday January 1959, Carl Switzer, American actor, died (b. 1927)
On 21, Tuesday January 1969, Boxer Johnny Famechon becomes world featherweight champion, when he defeats Cuban Jose Legra in a bout at the Albert Hall in London.
On 21, Sunday January 1979, The Pittsburgh Steelers stake their claim as the NFL team of the 1970s by beating the Dallas Cowboys 35-31 at Miami’s Orange Bowl in Super Bowl XIII.
On 21, Sunday January 1979, Brian O’Driscoll, Irish rugby union player, born
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Katie Griffiths, British actress, born
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Doğuş Balbay, American basketball player, born
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Sergey Fesikov, Russian swimmer, born
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Henrikh Mkhitaryan, Armenian footballer, born
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Muharrem Bajraktari, Albanian Muslim tribal leader, political and military figure, died (b. 1896)
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Carl Furillo, American baseball player, died (b. 1922)
On 21, Saturday January 1989, Billy Tipton, American musician, died (b. 1914)
On 21, Friday January 1994, Laura Robson, tennis player, born
On 21, Friday January 1994, Marny Kennedy, actress, born
On 21, Friday January 1994, Booboo Stewart, American actor, born
On 21, Thursday January 1999, Gerda Ring, Norwegian stage actress and stage producer, died (b. 1891)
On 21, Thursday January 1999, Susan Strasberg, American actress, died (b. 1938)
On 21, Wednesday January 2009, Ernie Bourne, 82, actor, died
On 21, Wednesday January 2009, Pat Crawford, 75, Test cricketer, died
On 21, Wednesday January 2009, Israel withdraws from the Gaza Strip, officially ending a three-week war it had with Hamas. However, intermittent air strikes by both sides continue in the weeks to follow.
On 21, Tuesday January 2014, New South Wales Premier Barry O’Farrell announces the introduction of laws to prevent “one-hit punches”, including mandatory eight-year jail sentences for fatal one-punch attacks fuelled by alcohol, in an effort to curb alcohol-related violence in Sydney. The laws also include expanded Sydney CBD CBD lockouts, a freeze on new liquor licences, and the statewide closure of bottle shops at 10:00pm.