Anniversaries and commemorations come and go daily. Most of us, even the best historians, miss most occasions. If we think of history as events then we are faced with a continually showering in the grains of sand. Nevertheless, we do pick out certain patterns in the remembrance of historical dates. The blog here reminds us of some dates where the local, state, national, and global perspectives entwine.
On 23, Saturday March 1844, The Edict of Toleration is passed, allowing Jews to settle in the Holy Land.
On 23, Tuesday March 1869, William Robson, politician, born (died 1951)
On 23, Tuesday March 1869, Calouste Gulbenkian, Armenian businessman, philanthropist, born (d. 1955)
On 23, Sunday March 1919, In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
On 23, Sunday March 1919, Charles I, the last Emperor of Austria, leaves Austria for exile in Switzerland.
On 23, Thursday March 1944, WWII: Members of the Italian Resistance attack Nazis marching in Via Rasella, killing 33.
On 23, Thursday March 1944, Myron Selznick, American film producer, died (b. 1898)
On 23, Monday March 1959, Kazue Ikura, Japanese voice actress, born
On 23, Monday March 1959, Catherine Keener, American actress, born
On 23, Monday March 1959, Dominick Trcka, Czechoslovak Roman Catholic priest and blessed, died (b. 1886)
On 23, Friday March 1979, Bryan Fletcher, American football player, born
On 23, Friday March 1979, Ted Anderson, English footballer, died (b. 1911)
On 23, Thursday March 1989, Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce that they have achieved cold fusion at the University of Utah.
On 23, Thursday March 1989, (23–28) The Socialist Republic of Serbia passes constitutional changes revoking the autonomy of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, triggering six days of rioting by the Albanian majority, during which at least 29 people are killed.
On 23, Wednesday March 1994, Green Ramp disaster: two military aircraft collide over Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina causing 24 fatalities.
On 23, Wednesday March 1994, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated at a campaign rally in Tijuana
On 23, Wednesday March 1994, Álvaro del Portillo, Spanish Roman Catholic prelate, died (b. 1914)
On 23, Wednesday March 1994, Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician, died (b. 1950)
On 23, Wednesday March 1994, Giulietta Masina, Italian actress, died (b. 1921)
On 23, Tuesday March 1999, Prime Minister John Howard is criticized by the Opposition and Democrats for his proposal that the concept of “mateship” be introduced into a preamble to the Australian Constitution. He also creates controversy by proposing that Aborigines should be referred to in the preamble as having “inhabited” the land rather than being “custodians” of it.
On 23, Tuesday March 1999, Gunmen assassinate Paraguay’s Vice President Luis María Argaña.
On 23, Monday March 2009, Peter Wherrett, 72, motoring journalist, died
On 23, Sunday March 2014, Jack Clancy, 79, football player, died
On 23, Sunday March 2014, Adolfo Suárez, 138th Prime Minister of Spain, died (b. 1932)