Anniversaries and commemorations come and go daily. Most of us, even the best historians, miss most occasions. If we think of history as events then we are faced with a continually showering in the grains of sand. Nevertheless, we do pick out certain patterns in the remembrance of historical dates. The blog here reminds us of some dates where the local, state, national, and global perspectives entwine.

On 1, Tuesday October 1844, Ludwig Leichhardt leads expedition starting from Jimbour on the Darling Downs to Port Essington, Northern Territory, arriving in December 1845.
On 1, Monday October 1894, Petrópolis becomes the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, until 1902.
On 1, Monday October 1894, The Owl Club of Cape Town, South Africa, a dining club, has its first formal meeting.
On 1, Sunday October 1944, Rudolf Schmundt, German general, died (b. 1896)
On 1, Thursday October 1959, The 10th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China is celebrated with pomp across the country.
On 1, Thursday October 1959, Brian P. Cleary, American humorist, author, poet, born
On 1, Thursday October 1959, Youssou N’Dour, Senegalese singer, born
On 1, Thursday October 1959, Enrico De Nicola, Italian jurist, politician and journalist, 1st President of Italy, died (b. 1877)
On 1, Wednesday October 1969, In Sweden, Olof Palme is elected Leader of the Social Democratic Worker’s Party, replacing Tage Erlander as Prime Minister on October 14.
On 1, Wednesday October 1969, The Beijing Subway begins operation.
On 1, Wednesday October 1969, Zach Galifianakis, American actor and stand-up comedian, born
On 1, Wednesday October 1969, Igor Ulanov, Russian hockey player, born
On 1, Wednesday October 1969, Marcus Stephen, Former President of Nauru, born
On 1, Monday October 1979, Nigeria terminates military rule, and the Second Nigerian Republic is established.
On 1, Monday October 1979, (1–7) Pope John Paul II visits the United States, starting in Boston.
On 1, Monday October 1979, The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
On 1, Monday October 1979, Rudi Johnson, American football player, born
On 1, Monday October 1979, Senit, Italian singer of Eritrean descent, born
On 1, Monday October 1979, Marko Stanojevic, English-born Italian rugby union player, born
On 1, Monday October 1979, Dorothy Arzner, American film director, died (b. 1897)
On 1, Sunday October 1989, Civil union between partners in a same-sex relationship becomes legal in Denmark under a law enacted on June 7, the world’s first such legislation.
On 1, Sunday October 1989, Brie Larson, American actress, born
On 1, Saturday October 1994, In Slovakia, populist leader Vladimír Mečiar wins the general election.
On 1, Saturday October 1994, Palau gains independence from the United Nations Trusteeship Council.
On 1, Friday October 1999, Shanghai Pudong International Airport opens in China, taking over all international flights from Hongqiao.
On 1, Friday October 1999, Christopher Taylor, Jamaican sprinter, born
On 1, Friday October 1999, Lena Zavaroni, Scottish entertainer, died (b. 1963)
On 1, Thursday October 2009, Paleontologists announce the discovery of an Ardipithecus ramidus fossil skeleton, deeming it the oldest remains of a human ancestor yet found.

Other On This Day days in history

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Neville Buch (Pronounced Book) Ph.D. is a certified member of the Professional Historians Association (Queensland). Since 2010 he has operated a sole trade business in history consultancy. He was a Q ANZAC 100 Fellow 2014-2015 at the State Library of Queensland. Dr Buch was the PHA (Qld) e-Bulletin, the monthly state association’s electronic publication, and was a member of its Management Committee. He is the Managing Director of the Brisbane Southside History Network.

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